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Forests and Land Use

Innovative and responsible approach on forestry and land use make us a preferred partner and a good neighbor for local communities.

Sustainable forest management is in our immediate and long-term interest, as it keeps forests healthy and productive, and thus helps to secure the longterm availability of this renewable resource. 

We practice economically, socially and environmentally sustainable forest and tree plantation management.


Economic sustainability involves ensuring that forest operations remain viable.

Social sustainability highlights human and labour rights, health and safety issues, the fair distribution of economic benefits, the multiple use of forests, and the protection of sites with historical, social or cultural importance.

Our key environmental priorities in sustainable forestry include the conservation of biodiversity, soil protection, and preserving the quality and quantity of water resources

All of the roundwood, chips, sawdust and externally purchased pulp supplied to our mills comes from sustainable sources. We use forest certification and traceability systems to check that wood has been harvested in compliance with the relevant national and EU legislation, and according to our own policy on Wood and Fibre Sourcing and Land Management.


Stora Enso mainly procures wood from private forest-owners, state-owned forests and associated companies in Finland, Sweden, the Baltic Countries, Western and Eastern Europe and Russia. We have large-scale tree plantation operations – including some of our own, and others owned through joint ventures – in Brazil, Uruguay and China, as well as a pilot project in Laos. Around 6% of our wood is sourced from tree plantations. Sustainably managed tree plantations also have an increasing strategic importance for us. ​


The demands of growing human populations mean that we must strive to use land increasingly efficiently
and produce more from less, in terms of natural resource use.


Our key performance indicator (KPI) on the land use efficiency of our certified tree plantations measures how efficiently we use land to produce wood. At the same time through forest certification schemes and our own approach to sustainable forestry we ensure that improvements in efficiency do no compromise the ecological and social sustainability of production.

Stora Enso works according to internationally approved principles and forest management practices,
and applies established planning procedures when setting up sustainable plantations.

​We use traceability systems to ensure that we know the origin of all the wood and pulp we purchase. We promote credible forest certification as a tool to enhance sustainable forest management practices. The two most significant forest certification systems recognised by Stora Enso are run by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC™) and Forest Stewardship Council (FSC®).

We use forest certification coverage as a key performance indicator (KPI) to verify that social, environmental and economic aspects are duly taken into account in lands and forests we own or manage.
The proportion of all forests worldwide certified as being under sustainable management is around 10%. Most of these certified forests are located in North America and Europe. We are actively working with our stakeholders to spread sustainable forest management and enhance certification systems. Stora Enso owns or leases lands with a total area of 1.1 million hectares, and 93% of this total area is certified.

We aim to offer innovative ways to use land and practise forestry responsibly, thereby creating shared value with local communities in the vicinity of our operations.​


In Finland and Sweden, where our presence is particularly significant, we operate as part of a vibrant regional forest cluster. Procuring wood as raw material for our mills also creates value for everyone within such clusters, including forest owners, wood supply intermediaries, local entrepreneurs, and logistics.

Our joint ventures Veracel in Bahia, Brazil and Montes del Plata in Uruguay, and our operations in Guangxi, southern China, are a major part of emerging local industrial clusters around our mills and tree plantations. Our investments in capacity building and local sourcing, local nature conservation, agro-forestry programmes, and income generation projects in local communities all provide examples of ways we are supporting cluster development and shared value creation in these regions.


Ecological landscape plans and biodiversity assessments conducted to identify valuable habitats form the basis for management planning in our associate forest companies and in tree plantations. Our employees and forestry contractors receive on-the-job training on ecological management.


We only establish tree plantations on lands with low biodiversity value, such as former pasturelands. All ecologically important areas are identified and duly protected. We also continuously monitor the impacts of our operations on biodiversity, soil and water resources.